Risks and symptoms


  1. Inheritance
    If one of the parents is diagnosed with venous insufficiency, it may be found in next generations in 43% of cases.  If both parents suffer from varicose veins, the risks that their child will have them increases up to 90%.
  2. Pregnancy and hormonal drugs
    There are hormonal changes in a woman's body during pregnancy. The tone of unstriated muscles, including venous walls, decreases. They get thinner and looser. During the pregnancy, when uterus gets larger, pelvic veins are compressed which causes congestion in leg blood vessels - varicose veins start to appear. In order to avoid these issues, specialists recommend women to wear special compression stockings since the first months of pregnancy.

    If a woman has minor venous issues during pregnancy, they should disappear within six months after delivery; if they don't which may happen in cases venous valves were damaged during pregnancy, then it is necessary to consult a specialist. Everything depends on whether there were signs of the disease before pregnancy or they only appeared during pregnancy.

    Varicose veins may be exacerbated by hormonal drugs (contraception), increased risk of thrombosis.
  3. Unhealthy lifestyle
  4. Harmful working conditions
    In this case harmful working environment means working conditions when a person must sit or stand up for a long time.
  5. Overweight
  6. High heeled shoes may also be harmful for leg veins.
    When walking, shank muscles massage deep veins, enhancing blood flow upwards, but when high heeled shoes are worn on a daily basis, the muscles are always stretched, therefore there is no massage of deep veins which results in venous congestion.
  7. Wearing tight trousers at thighs
    If a person wears tight trousers, has sedentary work, and crosses his/her legs for the most of the day, it is definitely not good for blood circulation. Popliteal and inguinal vein is compressed.
  8. Venous diseases can be exacerbated by long stay in heat or long heavy physical load.
    If a person likes sauna, he/she can go there, but contrast is necessary - a cold pond or shower. If a person has 3rd or 4th degree venous insufficiency with the risk of thrombosis, then sauna and hot bath are not recommended.

Symptoms - first signs of the disease are:

  1. Discomfort, pressing heavy or burning feeling in shanks,
  2. Night cramps in shank muscles (not to be confused with intermittent lameness in case of artery closure).
  3. Itching, swollen ankles at the end of the day,
  4. Fine blood vessels - capillaries may also appear,
  5. Large venous nodules also appear when the state deteriorates.


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